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@@> N O T I C E <@@ This Syllabus has been designed for a Course with a Title: ' MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES ' as part of the Proposal made to the UGC under the Innovation Programme of the UGC. Such of those instructors who wish to avail this farmework are hereby requested to place on record with the UGC about the usefulness of these materials.
CLICK HERE to download an introductory article on NMR as a Tool for Structure Determination
CLICK HERE to download a presentation file on a comparitive enumeration on the Molecular nad Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Techniques uploaded on Thursday, September 25, 2008 5:52 AM
In a Course which is meant for the discussion of "Structure Determination by NMR" the following presentation files can be helpful to choose from and highlight the relevant NMR technical aspects at appropriate stages. Links below added on Saturday, March 29, 2008 at 7:41AM
This course content is drafted specifically to introduce and explain the basics of NMR Phenomenon and Technique.
At this stage the advances made in NMR as a tool for structure detrmination are not narrated, but the scope of this content includes these advances
(without specifically mentioning the specific names of such technical aspects) by specially stressing the basic aspects which are getting an importance at the stage of
trying to grasp the advanced techniques.Purpose had been to emphasize and highlight such topics in basic Science streams which are covered at a
much earlier stages of educational levels.This is essentially providing a strong foundation for enabling a quick grasp as and when the front line reports
are available on this technique. This text inscribed on Saturday, March 29, 2008 at 9:21AM

AAS #3A
Curriculum Structure and Course Contents
SubjectDiscipline: CHEMISTRY  Physical Chemistry
Course Title: THE MAGNETICRESONANCE SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUE

TOPIC 1. Mathematical Techniques  I 2. Mathematical Techniques  II 3. Description of the Magnetic Resonance
Phenomena & Detection techniques 4. Theoretical Descriptions Using
Quantum Mechanical Tools 5. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Spectroscopy(NMR) 6. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
Spectroscopy(EPR) 7. Comparison of NMR & EPR Methods 8. Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance 9. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy &
Optical Spectroscopy  A comparison 10. Detailed consideration of the Recent
Advances in the NMR Spectroscopic
Techniques
Provisional (optional) Lecturehours
for tutorials and demonstration classes
Total Number of Lecture HOURS

No. of LectureHOURS 3 3 3 5 10 4 2 2 2
9
43
2 45

HINTS / NOTES 1. The above'TEN ' units are detailed further below 2.when there are relevant materials a "hotlink" is provided to download and view them at the appropriate spot in the running text of the syllabus 3. HOTLINKS to appropriate webpages (.html or .htm)appear on the rightmost column 
I.
 I. MATHEMATICAL TECHNIQUES  [1]

LINKS

I.1 
Revision of Trigonometric sine and cosine functions  Argument for sine and cosine in units of radians or degrees  Angular velocity ; Angles as product of angular velocity and time  angular velocity and angular frequency  A graphical (pictorial) depiction of sine and cosine functions in terms of the argument in units of degrees and units of time  ConstantMaximumAmplitude sine and cosine functions depicted as rotating ConstantAmplitudeVectors when the argument is a product of angular velocity (frequency) and time. Linear Simple Harmonic Motion describing the instantaneous variation of the Amplitudecomponent of a rotating ConstantAmplitude vector. 
I.2 
Real and Imaginary parts of an exponential (complex) function : Euler's expansion , Euler's relation and its significance mathematical expression for rotations of constantamplitude vectors  sense of rotation : Clockwise and Anticlockwise , Right and Left handedness  An unambiguous sign convention, for the sense of rotation, while expressing these by Euler's relation. 
I.3 
Electromagnetic Radiation, its characteristic mathematical forms in theoretical descriptions: the linear and circular polarizations explained on the basis of Euler?s relation for the Exponential functions :: An exercise in generating various curves and shapes with corresponding mathematical equations  sine and cosine functions and their products with exponentially decaying functions and step functions  all of them expressed approximately with respect to the same time axis. 
II
 II. MATHEMATICAL TECHNIQUES  [2]

LINKS

II.1 
Angular Momentum : the angular momentum operators , spin operators , single spin operators and product spin functions , commutation rules for spin operators  Exponential Operators : commuting and noncommuting operators (as the exponents) in Exponetial Operators  the expansions for Exponential Operators for evaluation of matrixelements 
II.2 
Matrices , products of matrices , commutation rules for matrices: Matrix multiplications  Spins, spin basis functions for angular momentum operators, matrix representation of the angular momentum operators 
II.3

First order differential equations and solutions : A revision to prepare for familiarity to Bloch?s Equations and their solutions for spinensembles

IV
 IV. THEORETICAL DESCRIPTIONS USING QUANTUM MECHANICAL
TOOLS
A MS PowerPoint file (file_size= 483 KB) for a onehour lecture on descriptions of PULSED NMR & relevant for the contents of this unit This '.ppt' file uploaded on Friday, March 28, 2008 at 3:20 PM.

LINKS

IV.1 
Spin wave functions , Spin operators , Representations of the Spin Operators and the basis functions,singlespinoperator algebra,commutation rules : descriptions for the spin ensemble and the effect of magnetic fields on the spin system

effects 
IV.2 
Spin Hamiltonian, The zeeman term : The necessity for rotating reference frame: the Zeeman Hamiltonian in the laboratory Fixed Frame and the Rotating reference Frame  spinspin and spin orbit interactions for the electron spins and the corresponding Hamiltonians  The considerations for the Nuclear spinspin interactions

IV.3 
An introduction to the Densitymatrix descriptions of the spinensembles

IV.4 
Description of evolution of spin systems influenced by perturbing Hamiltonians (internal and external) : RF perturbations and use of exponential operators to describe the evolution of the various terms in the Hamiltonian

IV.5 
Effect of RF pulses : Description using exponential (rotation) operators  the CW technique and the PULSE Technique descriptions.
Click for *nehulink_movie.wmv* A 5 mts. movie file on Pulsed FT NMR; file size 28MB This link added on Friday, March 28, 2008 at 3:42 PM 
V  V. NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY 
LINKS 
V.1 
Resonance Conditions for NMR : Multinuclear NMR Considerations

V.2 
Specific considerations of Proton , Carbon , Nitrogen and Phosphorous nuclei from the point of view of NMR Spectroscopy

Proton, Carbon

V.3 
Chemical Shifts as the experimentally measurable parameter due to the Shielding effects in Atoms and Molecules

V.4 
SpinSpin Coupling parameter as an aid in the NMR Spectroscopy

V.5 
A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectrum described

V.6 
Considerations of electronic molecular structures for their manifestations in the NMR Spectroscopy

V.7 
NMR spectra : Analysis of spectra and assignments

V.8 V.9 & V.10 
Examples from APPLICATIONS

NMR of
Hydrogen
Spectroscopy NOW 
VI
 VI. ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY

LINKS

VI.1 
The gshifts , the Hyperfine coupling parameters

VI.2 
Spectroscopic Considerations as different from the NMR technique

VI.3 
Supplementary informations to and from NMR spectroscopy of Paramagnetic molecules

VI.4 
The typical transition metal ions studied by EPR  the organic Free radicals

VII
 VII. COMPARISON OF NMR and EPR METHODS

LINKS

VII.1 
Appearance of NMR and EPR Spectra ; the differences in the spectrometer detection techniques

VII.2 
A consideration of the timeresolved (EPR) methods : the Pulsed EPR 
VIII 
VIII. NUCLEAR QUADRUPOLE RESONANCE 
LINKS 
VIII.1 
NQR as a result of the Electric Nuclear Quadrupole Moments in presence of an external (to the nucleus) Electric field Gradient. CLICK HERE to down load (a MS WORD document) an introductory article on describing NQR Phenomenon. The content of the above article has been presented at the NMRS2008 link included on March 29, 2008

VIII.2 
Typical NQR nuclei and their frequencies ; detection , spectral appearance and illustrative examples 
IX 
IX. MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY AND OPTICAL
SPECTROSCOPY  A COMPARISON

LINKS

IX.1 
Electromagnetic Spectrum and the regions of Optical spectroscopy : the reasons for the various Optical Spectroscopic Characteristics and the corresponding electromagnetic regions.

Electro magnetic radiation Spectrum

IX.2 
The energy level separations , magnitudes and the causes of level separations (splittings) , the differences in Boltzmann factors , populations and population differences of various spectroscopic techniques ; their relative sensitivities , utility considerations

Spectros copy Analytical tool

X 
X. DETAILED CONSIDERATION OF THE RECENT ADVANCES IN
NMR SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUE

LINKS

X.1 
NMR : the Wideline and High Resolution NMR

X.2 
Sample characteristics : amount of samples required , sensitivity and resolution and the S/N considerations  advantages of High field Spectrometers : Spectrometer characteristics for liquid H R NMR

X.3 
SolidState WideLine NMR : Second Moments and the linewidth considerations

X.4 
Multiple pulse techniques ( and multiple coherences) in Liquid State HR NMR

X.5 
Selective Polarisation Transfer and related techniques for heteronuclear NMR Sensitivity

X.6 
Multi dimensional liquid state HR NMR

X.7 
The various multidimensional NMR experiments listed out : illustrations with examples

X.8 
A brief description of the pulse sequences and their effect on spin systems for liquid state and solid state HR NMR

X.9 
Selected Applications of structural parameter determinations using Solid State NMR and Liquid State NMR ( the liquid state NUCLEAR OVERHAUSER TECHNIQUE)

Standard books on Magnetic resonance Spectroscopy available in the libraries can be used as reference course materials. The original articles by the inventors in this technique are suggested for reading which must be found from the list of bibliographies available from the reference lists in Standard Text Books 
EXAMINATIONS and EVALUATION:
It is intended to have three sessional and one final examinations for grading purposes.
Further it is being proposed to have three or four unconventional tests/exams like the open Book examinations OR discuss a typical question paper in the classroom and specify a time duration where this question paper would be distributed to the students and answer as a conventional exmination paper. These would not be included in the markings for the Grading but absences at these additional Exams would cost the students heavily in attendance markings by including a negative attendance for defaults at these Exams. It could be that in a 45 Class attendance each absence in the Additional Exams would cost the students Three to Five classes in attendances and in the stipulated number of attendancerequirements the students would not be eligible for final certificate even if they had regularly attended other lectureclasses and Gradable Exams.
By such examination methods the Examiner and the Instructor can try to find out the difficulties of the students by the mock exams which are mandatory like the lecture classes, with better importance.

CLICK HERE for an article on a related topic:Absent and Accounted For: Absenteeism and Cooperative Learning



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