These wonderful images below, were selected from the MRS "Science as Art" competition held at recent MRS Spring and Fall Meetings. You may download these, courtesy of MRS, to use as computer desktop images, or for a slide-show screen saver.
[Download] 1st Place Winner Adam Jakus, Georgia Institute of Technology Pollenesian Serenity Multiple species of bare and alumina coated pollen particle images obtained via SEM
[Download] 1st Place Winner Blythe G. Clark (Sandia National Lab) and Dan Gianola (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH) Nano Spaghetti & Meatballs Colorized and overlaid scanning electron microscope images of Spaghetti & Meatballs made out of Au and Si. The 'spaghetti' is a collection of electrodeposited Au nanowires, 100 nm in diameter, that have released from the substrate and bundled together (Thomas Cornelius GSI Darmstadt). The 'meatballs' are Si nanoparticles, ~1.5 um in diameter, with Au nanocrystals on the surface that were grown on carbon-coated substrates using ultra-high vacuum molecular beam epitaxy (Gunther Richter MPI Stuttgart). These images highlight some of the many varied structures that can be formed at the nanoscale.
[Download] 1st Place Winner Nikolai Chekurov, Helsinki University of Technology The modern Stonehedge: Colorized SEM image of silicon nanopillar formation created by Gallium implantation and DRIE-etching.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Adam Steele, University of Illinois Nano-Santa Nano-Santa with his bag of nano-tubes. This was discovered on the surface of one of our superhydrophobic nanocomposite coatings. It has been colored slightly by image processing for artistic effect.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner James C Weaver, University of California, Riverside Sucker Rings of Squid Tentacles The individual toothed sucker rings of squid tentacles (highlighted in red) provide additional gripping power during prey capture and handling. These rings comprise a nanoscale network of parallel tubular elements, as shown in the background image which significantly alter the macromechanical properties of the resulting structure.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Wei-Fang Su, National Taiwan University Heavy Surf in Dark Night The is a POM micrograph of self-assembled DEH-PPV-b-PMMA rod-coil block copolymer with 66% volume fraction of PMMA block prepared at 180oC to form the birefringent smectic phase and then cooled down to room temperature. Credit: Wei-Fang Su, Chun-Lin Lin, and Chun-Chih Ho, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
2008 MRS FALL MEETING "SCIENCE AS ART" WINNERS
[Download] 1st Place Winner Boaz Pokroy, Harvard University The nano-grip This is an SEM image (color enhanced by Photoshop) of high aspect ratio 250nm thick epoxy bristles that have self assembled and trapped a 2.5 micron diameter PS sphere.
[Download] 1st Place Winner PaiChun Wei, National Taiwan University Nanoflower The crystalline wurtzite indium nitride (InN) nanoflower was synthesized via molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) processes, using pure indium and a high efficient nitrogen source, hydrazoic acid (HN3). (Center for Condensed Matter Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.)
[Download] 1st Place Winner Helia Jalili, University of Waterloo Nano Teddy Bear The scanning electron microscopic image (taken using a FESEM LEO 1530) shows the ZnO nanostructures on an indium oxide coated glass substrate deposited at 70oC by using a facile electrochemical deposition technique. A potentio-/galvanostat electrochemical workstation (CH Instruments 660A) was used to deposit the ZnO nanostructures by amperometry potentiostatically at -1.1 V (relative to the Ag/AgCl reference electrode) and a spiral platinum wire served as working electrode. An aqueous zinc nitrate [Zn(NO3)2.6H2O] solution was used as an electrolyte to prepare these ZnO nanostructures.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner A. John Hart, University of Michigan Carbon NanoEden Garden of Carbon NanoEden (M. de Volder, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart)
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Jianping Ge, University of California-Riverside Landscape painting in microscope A microscale china-style landscape painting of mountains and rivers, formed by monodisperse silica colloids assembled on the glass.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Matthew J. Bierman, University of Wisconsin-Madison Two Pine Trees These pine tree lead sulfide nanowires obtain a complicated structure because only the trunk contains a screw dislocation that causes it to twist.
2008 MRS SPRING MEETING "SCIENCE AS ART" WINNERS
[Download] 1st Place Winner S.K. Hark, Chinese University of Hong Kong Field of Sunflowers Amorphous SiOx nanowire bundles have an uncanny ability to self-assemble into various shapes, including one that strikingly resembles a sunflower. In these sunflowers, highly packed bundles form the disc florets and loosely packed ones around the rim of the disc form the ray florets. The SEM image shows a field of sunflowers. The grey scale image was mapped into pseudo-colors by graphic software. The nanowires grew out of the reaction of Si and oxygen, with molten Ga and Au acting as catalysts. Each nanowire is about 10 nm in diameter and tens of micrometers in length.
[Download] 1st Place Winner Zihong Liu, Stanford University, USA Landscape This is a cross-polarized light optical microphotograph of an array of organic thin-film transistors (OTFT) fabricated with newly synthesized, highly crystalline 4T-TMS organic semiconductor deposited by newly developed solution-shearing method. Besides the excellent performances these new OTFTs exhibited, this microphotograph represents itself an aesthetic landscape painting full of beauty and art: different parts of the cross polarized thin film look like lakes, lands, mountains and sunglows, while the gold electrodes of the transistors seem to be a fence between lakes and far-away mountains...
[Download] 1st Place Winner Blythe Gore Clark, Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Stuttgart, Germany Inferno Color-enhanced TEM micrograph showing twins and strain contrast in a post-compression  NiTi micropillar. The micropillar was produced via FIB milling and was compressed using a nanoindenter equipped with a flat punch. By creating and testing compression pillars in a range of diameters, this method allows us to study the effect of size scale on the shape memory behavior of NiTi.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Violeta Navarro, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain AFM image of a sputtered Au(001) single crystal.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Hui Ying Yang, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Color added to a ZnO nano-needle SEM image. The nano-needles looks like beautiful mountains in a Chinese painting.
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Georff Brennecka, Sandia National Lab, USA This image is of some contamination (probably monodisperse polystyrene spheres from a previous user) in the microscope which just happened to collect at the corner of a Ta2O5 particle. The image was collected using secondary electrons in a Hitachi S-4700 SEM and was colorized using the Gnu Image Manipulation Program (GIMP).
2007 MRS FALL MEETING "SCIENCE AS ART" IMAGES
[Download] 1st Place Winner Nano-Explosions Color-enhanced scanning electron micrograph of an overflowed electrodeposited magnetic nanowire array (CoFeB), where the template has been subsequently completely etched. Its a reminder that nanoscale research can have unpredicted consequences at a high level. Credit: Fanny Beron, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
[Download] 1st Place Winner Bamboos for Vibration Control Ni-Mn-Ga melt-extracted fibers with an approximate diameter of 100 µm showing a bamboo-type structure (imaged with a backscattered electron detector in an FEG-SEM). Melt-extraction is a unique and novel method to prepare single-crystalline particles for magnetic shape memory composites. Credit: Oliver Gutfleisch, IFW Dresden, Institute of Metallic Materials, Dresden, Germany
[Download] 1st Place Winner Dirty Dice Self-assembled 200 micron size nickel dice, imaged using scanning electron microscopy in the lower secondary electron (LEI) mode. The dice were colorized using Adobe Photoshop. Credit: Timothy Leong, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Beauty of Nature SEM image of CuInSe2 film with Cu2Se (plates) and InSe (needles) crystals on the surface. Credit: Olga Volobujeva, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Layered steps in Lanthanum Cobaltite The picture shows a colored image of the layered steps formed inside closed pores of La0.8Ca0.2CoO3, which were revealed due to fracture of the material. Credit: Siddhartha Pathak, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Red Planet Combined 3-D representation of two images taken by scanning tunneling microscopy. The land is from an STM image of one monolayer of HATNA deposited on Au(111), and the sky is from an image of THAP/Au(111) exposed to a high background pressure of cobaltocene. Credit: Sieu Ha, Princeton University, Princeton, USA
2007 MRS SPRING MEETING "SCIENCE AS ART" IMAGES
[Download] 1st Place Winner Gold Nanopyramids High resolution scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of gold nanopyramids supported by silicon pedestals. The orientation-dependent optical properties of the nanoparticle arrays have revealed new insight into the interaction between light and materials at the nanoscale. These structures are also being explored in applications such as chemical and biological sensing and nanophotonics. Joel Henzie developed the large-area (>1 in. 2 covered by ~10 8 pyramids) nanofabrication techniques to create the pyramids while working in the Odom lab at Northwestern University . The results are published in J. Phys. Chem. B [Joel Henzie, Kevin L. Shuford, Eun-Soo Kwak, George C. Schatz, and Teri W. Odom, J. Phys. Chem. B ., 2006, 110 , 14028-14031]. Credit: Joel Henzie, Northwestern University
[Download] 1st Place Winner Sunflowers A Bouquet of Anthradithiophene
Credit: Matthew Lloyd, Cornell University
[Download] 1st Place Winner An Early Morning Stroll into Woods SEM Image of Tin Oxide Nanowires
Credit: Suresh Donthu, Northwestern University
[Download] 1st Place Winner Ancient of Days from classical art to quantum art A 500×500 µm photoluminescence image of Ancient of Days was created in porous silicon using focused helium beam writing and subsequent electrochemical etching in hydrofluoric acid. Due to quantum confinement effect, visible light emission is observed from the nanosized silicon skeleton left behind after etching. It is found that pre-irradiation with a helium beam is able to change the local resistivity of the silicon and the emission wavelength of the porous silicon formed. The higher the dose of the beam, the redder the photoluminescence wavelength becomes. Here, we see that the figure of the man is depicted in orange and his face and masculinity is highlighted by the black outline created using high dose irradiation. His left hand reaches out for a pair of compass that is rested on a red sphere, surrounded with a yellowish orange aura. Using the high resolution capability of focused ion beam writing, we are able to transform William Blakes piece of classical art into an image consisting of finely tuned nanocrystals, which we call quantum art. Credit: Ee Jin Teo, National University of Singapore
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Nano-pop This picture is showing side-view of a silicon-nanowire held between and resting on two opposite nickel electrodes. One end (right side) of the nanowire has small nickel sphere on it which makes it look like a lollipop and since here it is with nanowire we gave it a name Nano-pop. This picture was captured using Hitachi S-4700 FESEM while the normal to the sample was making 85 degrees angle with respect to primary electron beam of the FESEM.
Credit: Sarang Ingole, Arizona State University
[Download] 2nd Place Winner GaAs Sea Creatures This is an image of defects on a GaAs surface following hydride vapor phase epitaxy. The image was taken using a Nikon Optical Microscope with Nomarski contrast.
Credit: Candace Lynch, Air Force Research Laboratory
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Pollen Dawn This SEM image was taken from surface of a TiO2 pollen. The pollen was converted into titania chemistry by using shape-preserving gas-solid displacement reaction. The apparent grainy surface was nanocrystalline anatase. The original image was manipulated in an image editing program to add color and lighting effects.
Credit: Samuel Shian, Georgia Insitute of Technology
[Download] 2nd Place Winner Water on a Nanostructured Gold Surface The image is a photograph of a droplet of water sitting on a nanostructured gold surface prepared by templated electrodeposition. The colours are produced by the reflection of white light and excitation of surface plasmons on the structured surface. Surfaces of this type show strong surface enhancement for SERS of molecules adsorbed at their surface. Credit: P. N. Bartlett, University of Southampton Photographer: Steve Shrimpton, University of Southampton
2006 MRS Spring Meeting "Science as Art" Images
[Download] This image was created from an SEM image of a (100) oriented titania inverse opal. The image shows the cross-section half way through a (100) plane. The inverse opal was formed by low temperature atomic layer deposition of titania within the void spaces of a polystyrene opal with a sphere diameter of 330 nm. The SEM image was acquired at 15kV at 50,000x magnification and subsequently processed with an image manipulation software. Credit: Elton Graugnard, Georgia Institute of Technology
[Download] Optical microscopy image of deposited platinum film under stress. The film was deposited with a thickness of 240 nm on a silicon wafer. Credit: Sohee Kim, University of Utah
[Download] Light microscope image of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) grown around polystyrene latex microspheres on an ITO glass plate electrode. Credit: Matt Meier, University of Michigan
[Download] Highly tapered germanium nanowire 'morning star' grown from a surface imperfection, utilizing the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism on an Si (111) substrate. Imaged via field emission scanning electron microscope at a magnification of 15k, accelerating voltage of 5 kV, and imaged in plan view, normal to the (111) substrate surface. Credit: Teresa Clement, Arizona State University
[Download] Metal / metal oxide structures obtained by lithographic techniques. The image shows an osteoblast growing on the structured surface morphology. Credit: J. Altmayer, S. Barth, H. Shen and S. Mathur, Leibniz-Institute of New Materials, Saarbruecken, Germany
[Download] These structures were obtained by chemical vapor deposition of molecular precursors. This picture presents a collage of SEM images including epitaxial heterojunctions of SnO2/VOx nanowires and flower-like arrangement of SnO2 platelets which were obtained at specific parameter combinations. Credit: S. Barth, J. Altmayer and S. Mathur, Leibniz-Institute of New Materials, Saarbruecken, Germany
[Download] An artificially-colored scanning electron micrograph of cadmium sulfide "flowers." These "flowers" are a few microns across and are grown in a multi-stage nucleation and growth process. Credit: Erik Spoerke and Bonnie McKenzie, Sandia National Laboratories
[Download] Picture taken with an optical microscope at 200x magnification of a ca. 100 nm thick TiO film on a silicon substrate that is beyond the critical thickness and consequently starts to peel off from the surface. Credit: Martin Wagner, Institute of Thin Films and Interfaces (ISG), Juelich, Germany
[Download] SEM images of the inorganic parts of an invertebrate, colonial marine animal called a bryozoan. These images were taken for an investigation into the crystallography of the skeletal calcitic elements of this animal. Credit: Simon R. Hall, University of Bristol
[Download] Nickel coated polystyrene microspheres after reactive ion etching. The central polystyrene region is etched away more than the metallic nickel, resulting in the dendritic features. (Magnification 25,000x) Credit: Jia Zhang, Suzi Deng, National University of Singapore
[Download] Color-enhanced scanning electron micrograph of triangular molybdenum sulfide sheets thermally evaporated onto a silicon substrate. Such morphology gives rise to a large number of reactive basal edges, which show selective reactivity over the basal faces. (Magnification 17,000x) Contrast between vibrant colors and grey features imparts a nostalgic touch. Credit: Jia Mei Soon, National University of Singapore
[Download] Color-enhanced scanning electron micrograph of a ball cluster of molybdenum sulfide nanocones thermally evaporated onto a silicon substrate. Each cone is about 300 nm in diameter at the open end. The film morphology was observed to vary at different deposition temperatures. (Magnification 37,000x) Inspired by the classic beauty and bold simplicity of the elegant Calla Lilies. Credit: Jia Mei Soon, National University of Singapore
2005 MRS Spring Meeting "Science as Art" Images
[Download] Structure formed upon annealing a thin gold film on a silicon substrate. The image was enhanced using Photoshop. Imaged using a LEO 1550 scanning electron microscope (SEM). (Magnification 100,000x) Credit: Rezina Siddique, Michael A. Carpenter, College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, New York, USA
[Download] Optical microscope image using crossed polarizers of an oriented polymer semiconductor, regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene), film commonly used in organic field-effect transistors. Two images with magnification 5x are combined. Credit: Tomas G. Bäcklund, Department of Physics and Center for Functional Materials, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
[Download] A collage of self-assembled structures formed via molecular simulation from anisotropic "patchy particles." The foreground is a rendering of an icosahedron formed from nanoparticles with two attractive equatorial rings. The background is a rendering of a honeycomb lattice of nanoparticles with triangular attractive patterning. Credit: C.R. Iacovella, Z-L. Zhang, J. Mukherjee, S.C. Glotzer, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
[Download] Structure formed upon annealing a thin gold film on a silicon substrate. The image was enhanced using Photoshop. This was imaged using a LEO 1550 scanning electron microscope (SEM). (Magnification 5,000x) Credit: Rezina Siddique, Michael A. Carpenter, College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, New York, USA
[Download] Zinc dendritic structures formed by electrodeposition on Cu substrates using a mixed solution of ZnO powders and NaOH at room temperature. The Cu substrate was pretreated to form a layer of nanowires before it was used to form the Zn dendritic structures. Various forms of nanostructures can be formed by controlling the electroplating conditions. (Magnification: 1,300x) Credit: Yihong Wu, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore
[Download] Two-dimensional carbon nanostructures grown on a Ga droplet using microwave-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The orientation of the curved nanosheets is determined by the local electrical field direction. (Magnification: 13,000x) Credit: Yihong Wu, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore
[Download] A color enhanced scanning electron micrograph of ZnO grown in aqueous solution by homogeneous precipitation. The crystal morphology of the zinc oxide was controlled by using a sequential nucleation and growth process in which simple morphology crystals were grown and then subjected to further growth in the presence of different growth modifiers. (Magnification: 15,000x) Credit: Tom Sounart, Bonnie McKenzie, Jun Liu, and Jim Voigt, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
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